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The 11 Different Stock Market Sectors

Once formed by telecommunication companies (e.g., Sprint, Verizon), the sector now also consists of media and entertainment companies, such as Facebook and Netflix. With these companies, communication is possible across the globe. People aren’t going to go out and buy houses if they have to tighten their belts. In fact, perInvestopedia, more than 26,000 stocks worldwide have been classified by GICS, accounting for more than 95% of the world’s listed market capitalization. Materials stocks perform better during the mid-to-late stages of a business cycle as they are more sensitive to economic cycles. They are also sensitive to price fluctuations in metal commodities, such as gold, copper and steel.

This sector is generally a slow and steady performer, rather than a growth sector. But “green” energy offers the promise of higher returns, although with higher risk. The materials sector includes companies that provide various goods for use in manufacturing and other applications. You’ll find makers of chemicals, construction materials, and containers and packaging within the materials sector, along with mining stocks and companies specializing in making paper and forest products. The utilities sector includes companies that provide customers with utility services, such as water, electric, and gas.

Also, check out ourtrading serviceto take trading to the next level. We highly encourage our members to paper trade for several months first before trading with real money. The emotions of trading with real money are much different than paper trading, however, it’s important to become good at paper trading first. Each one of these sectors plays an important role in trading as well as investing. As a result, that allows all traders or investors to classify stocks by regulated definitions.

11 sectors of the stock market

It also contains companies that manufacture hardware such as communications equipment, mobile phones, computers and semiconductor equipment. This sector has been a fast grower and contains some of the market’s largest companies. Second, market sectors can be affected differently by market volatility and where the economy is in the business cycle. Financials and beaxy exchange review real estate, for example, may do better in the early stages of the business cycle versus the later stages. The real estate sector includes companies that develop or manage real estate property. This sector also includes real estate investment trusts , which are companies that purchase multiple income-producing assets, such as office buildings and hotels.

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While a firm may be classified in one area, it often has significant operations in others. So it can be important to see the big picture of what a company does and not get too tied down to the classification. The GICS system is revised from time to time, especially as industries grow and develop.

The financial sector consists of banks, investment funds, insurance companies and real estate firms, among others. In general, the majority of the revenue generated by the sector comes from mortgages and loans that gain value as interest rates rise. The Global Industry Classification Standard is a system of identifying publicly traded companies according to their business operations. The GISC was developed by S&P Dow Jones Indices and Morgan Stanley Capital International in 1999. It now serves as the basis for many mutual funds and exchange-traded funds . The real estate sector is made up of companies involved in the development and management of real estate.

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This includes food and beverage companies, household product providers, and personal product providers. Consumer staple companies are well known, since people see their products in stores regularly. For example, Procter & Gamble is a famous company within this sector, which produces bleach and laundry detergent under brand names such as Dawn and Tide.

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  • The consumer discretionary sector includes companies that produce cars, durable goods, clothing and leisure equipment.
  • The energy sector consists of oil and gas production and exploration companies, in addition to power firms, refineries, and other related operations.
  • Investing in Communication Stocks Communications has a broad definition.
  • For broad exposure to individual stock market sectors, you could buy shares of sector-specific mutual funds or exchange-traded funds .

And it may continue to outperform if the bull market keeps running. Many companies in the industrials sector produce capital goods, including defense, aerospace, construction, transportation and manufacturing. The information provided here is for general informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute investing vs trading for specific individualized tax, legal or investment planning advice. Where specific advice is necessary or appropriate, consult with a qualified tax advisor, CPA, financial planner or investment manager. If you want to learn different strategies to employ on all market conditions then take ourtrading courses.

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Netflix Inc. and Walt Disney Co. are considered part of the communication services sector. Other companies within this sector include AT&T, CBS Corp., and Facebook. Sector breakdowns help portfolio managers and investors determine the allocation of funds within a portfolio. If an investor wants to create a diversified portfolio, the portfolio should include stocks from a variety of sectors. For smaller investors seeking to create a diversified portfolio, they can easily do by investing in an index exchange-traded fund .

Fund companies regularly provide sector reporting in their marketing materials. Sector breakdowns provide a representation of the sector allocations of the fund’s assets, often on a monthly or quarterly basis. Some funds may even report sector breakdowns daily on the fund’s website.

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11 sectors of the stock market

Hence, the majority of the stock sectors list is found in the cyclical category. By tracking sectors, you can learn a lot about the performance of the market and the entire economy. These groupings help investors clearly track a given industry’s market performance through time. On any trading day, or over the course of a year, some sectors may climb while others sink.

Trading the Different Sectors in the Stock Market

Companies in these groups typically have similar characteristics, from business models to products and services, customer bases, cost structures, and margin profiles. When deciding which sectors to invest in, it’s important to consider the basics, such as market capitalization and historical black edge book review performance. From there, you can analyze how likely a market sector is to help you properly diversify your portfolio and reach your investment goals. For example, how you approach investments will differ based on whether you’re chasing growth or looking for long-term buy-and-hold options.

Should you own Stocks in all Market Sectors?

The gold mining industry can be accessed through our US Gold share basket, while the iShares Global Materials ETF offers sector-wide exposure. ETFs such as the Vanguard Industrials ETF​ offer traders exposure across the sector. Our Oil and Gas share basket​ offers traders convenient exposure to the Energy sector, as do specialised ETFs such as the Energy Select Sector SPDR Fund​.